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Book 7 Module 6 The World’s Cultural Heritage教案

[日期:2013-12-13] [字体: ]
 
[日期:2013-06-18] [字体: ]

Module 6 The World’s Cultural Heritage

I.教学内容分析

本模块以世界文化遗产为中心话题,介绍了有形和无形文化遗产、周口店北京人遗址、英国巨石阵、新墨西哥首府圣达菲的文化保护计划。要求学生通过本模块学习,能够运用所学词汇简单介绍我国的世界文化遗产的概况和周口店北京人遗址的情况;陈述自己对有形文化和无形文化遗产的看法;了解世界文明,增强保护和发扬人类文明的意识;学会书面介绍一种无形文化遗产。

Introduction 部分通过介绍苏州园林引起学生的兴趣,使他们了解世界文化遗产名单,学习有关词汇和短语。为本模块的学习奠定基础。

Vocabulary and Reading部分通过阅读The Amazing Caves of ZhoukoudianBeijing Man Heritage sits in Danger,让学生学习相关词汇,训练在阅读过程中迅速获取有效信息的能力;并围绕文章内容,进行听说读写等各项活动。

Grammar (1) 部分通过观察课文中的例句,要求学生学会虚拟语气在宾语从句等中的用法。

Listening and Vocabulary 部分听取一段关于英国巨石阵的对话录音,培养学生准确获取有效信息的能力,完成相关练习。

Grammar (2) and Function部分的句子来自听力材料,通过学习,让学生学会正确识别地点、条件和让步状语从句,通过Activity 2的练习进一步巩固。

Reading and Writing部分通过阅读介绍无形文化遗产的文章,展开讨论,整理和扩充讨论要点,建立学生对无形文化遗产介绍的基本概念,然后根据提示写一篇介绍无形文化遗产的文章。

Everyday English部分总是与听力材料的内容连在一起的。通过选择正确答案、编对话的形式,使学生熟练掌握这几个短语在具体日常语境中的意义和用法。

Speaking部分是就世界上有许多语言正在消失这个话题展开头讨论,让学生阐述自己的看法,学会珍爱文化遗产。

Reading Practice部分通过阅读文章Chinese Cultural Heritage Bid for UNESCO,学会在把握文章总体脉络的基础上把握段落大意和获取文章细节信息的能力。

Cultural Corner部分是一篇介绍新墨西哥首府圣达菲的文化保护计划的文章,让学通过阅读,了解和吸收异域民族文化的精华,并与我国的情况作比较,增强保护和发扬人类文明的意识。

Task部分综合本模块所学技能和知识,在小组讨论的基础上,利用上网等查找的资料,撰写一篇文章,完成书面介绍中国的某一处文化遗产的任务。

Module File部分有助于学生对本模块学习内容进行归纳,对自己的学习进行总结和检验。

II.教学重点和难点

1. 教学重点

(1)  掌握一些与文化遗产有关的词汇和短语;

(2)  学习虚拟语气;

(3)  学习地点、条件和让步状语从句。

2. 教学难点

(1)  听懂与文化遗产有关的常用表达,正确理解新学词汇的含义;

(2)  正确使用虚拟语气;

(3) 学会介绍中国的某一处文化遗产。

III.教学计划

本单元分六个课时:

第一课时:Introduction, Reading and Writing

第二课时:Vocabulary and Reading

第三课时:Grammar (1), Reading Practice

第四课时:Listening and Vocabulary, Grammar (2) and Function, Everyday English

第五课时:Speaking, Cultural Corner

第六课时:Task, Module File

IV.教学步骤

Period 1 Introduction, Reading and Writing

Teaching Goals:

1. To arouse Ss’ interest in learning about The World’s Cultural Heritage;

2. To get Ss to know about The World Heritage List;

3. To get Ss to know the difference between tangible cultural heritage and intangible cultural heritage;

4. To enable Ss to write a paragraph about an intangible human heritage.

Teaching Procedures:

Step 1. Introduction

1. Ask Ss to look at the title of this module and answer the following questions:

Q1. How much do you know about the world’s cultural heritage?

    Q2. Which items are a country’s cultural heritage?

  Q3. Can you give some examples of China’s Cultural Heritage?

Suggested Answers:

A1. Open

A2. Open

A3. The Great Wall, Mt Taishan, The Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, The Imperial Palace, Temple of Heaven, classical gardens in Suzhou…

2. Show Ss two pictures about Suzhou and ask them to discuss the following questions in pairs.

 

                   

Q1. Where is Suzhou?

Q2. How many people live there?

Q3. What is it famous for?

Q4. What happened in Suzhou in June 2004?

3. Ask Ss to read through the words in Activity 2 and then answer the questions.

4. Ask Ss to read the passage The World Heritage List and then finish Activities 3 and 4 on page 71.

Step 2. Reading and Writing

1. Leading-in

(1) At the Suzhou conference in June 2004, one of the delegates praised China’s work on heritage sites, do you know what he say?

Suggested Answer:

“China has done excellent work in protecting world heritage, both tangible and intangible”.

(2) Ask Ss to look at the pictures to guess which cultural heritage they belong to, tangible or intangible? (They belong to intangible cultural heritage.)

     

      Kunqu opera                          The Mid-Autumn Festival

2. Reading

(1) Ask Ss to read the first paragraph of the text to find the answers to the questions:

What is tangible cultural heritage?

What is intangible cultural heritage?

Suggested Answers:

Tangible (=touchable) cultural heritage consists of buildings and objects such as painting; Intangible (= untouchable) cultural heritage means traditional songs and poems, people who can perform traditional works, languages and music.

(2) Ask Ss to go on with the text to answer the following question:

What does intangible cultural heritage consist of?

Suggested Answer:

Oral heritage, Living human treasures, Endangered languages, Traditional music of the world.

(3) Ask Ss to read carefully and think out some examples of intangible cultural heritage, and then fill in the following form.

              Intangible Cultural Heritage

Consistence

Examples

Oral heritage

               

Living human treasures

             

Endangered languages

               

Traditional music of the world

               

Suggested Answers:

              Intangible Cultural Heritage

Consistence

Examples

Oral heritage

Kunqu Opera (昆曲, 中国)

The Oruro Carnival (欧如偌狂欢节, 玻利维亚)

Royal Ancestral Rite and Ritual Music in Jongmyo Shrine (宫廷宗庙祭礼乐, 韩国)

Living human treasures

Three older new Mexicans

Endangered languages

Southern Tujia (spoken in the mountainous area of central south China),

The Gelo language (in southern China)

Traditional music of the world

Kunqu opera, noh (能乐, Jap.)

3. Writing

(1) Ask Ss to choose one of the examples above to discuss it and write the main points down following the notes in Activity 2.

(2) Ask Ss to write a short essay about an intangible cultural heritage.

(3) Ask Ss to exchange their essays with their partners and then ask some Ss to read their essays to the whole class and comment them.

(4) Instruct Ss how to write an essay about intangible cultural heritagethe Chinese festivals. Give Ss the following presentation.

中国的传统节日源远流长,至今为海内外炎黄子孙所奉行。春节(The Spring Festival)、元宵节(The Lantern Festival)、端午节(The Dragon Boat Festival)、中秋节(The Mid-autumn Festival) 等等,不同的节日有不同的特征。我们在写书面表达时常常从以下几方面入手:

节日的名称和日期。

The Spring Festival falls on the 1st day of the 1st lunar month…

    The Dragon Boat Festival falls on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month.

    The 15th day of the 1st lunar month is the Chinese Lantern Festival.

Every lunar calendar date of 15th August is the China traditional dayMid-autumn Festival.

The Mid-autumn Festival is celebrated on the fifteenth day of the eighth moon.

节日的起源。如

The Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional festivity for both the Han and minority nationalities. The custom of worshipping the moon can be traced back as far as the ancient Xia and Shang Dynasties.

There are many different beliefs about the origin of the Lantern Festival. But one thing for sure is that it had something to do with religious worship.

节日习俗(包括食物、人的活动等)。如:

    ① Chinese people usually put up\ stick Spring Festival couplets (春联) on front gates of their houses…\ setting off firecrackers…\ take some money from your parents…\ have the year supper

    Zongzi is the traditional food for the Dragon Boat Festival.

    At this time, people will try to solve the puzzles on the lanterns and eat yuanxiao

Jiaozi, fish, chicken and other stewed meat are the main dishes for the Spring Festival,

In addition to jiaozi, the most common food for the Spring Festival are noodles, New year’s cakes and tangyuan.

节日的意义。

Spring Festival, also known as the Chinese New Year is the most important holiday in China. To the Chinese people it is as important as Christmas to people in the West.

It is generally believed that the festival originated to celebrate the memory of the ancient patriotic poet Qu Yuan.

Autumn is a harvest season and Mid-autumn is a reunion day.

It is a time for relaxation and celebration.

(5) Ask Ss to write an essay about the Lantern Festival according to the following Chinese.

早在西汉时期,元宵节已是重要的节日;

观灯、猜灯谜;焰火;

吃元宵(也叫汤圆,音似团圆。吃元宵表示家人团圆、和谐、幸福);

舞龙灯、划旱船、踩高跷等表演;

注意:不要逐句翻译,可适当增加细节;

          词数:120左右。

参考词汇:表示denote  焰火firework  踩高跷walking on stilts

One Possible Version

Lantern Festival

The Lantern Festival falls on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month. As early as the Western Han Dynasty, it had become a festival with great significance.

This day’s important activity is watching lanterns. Lanterns of various shapes and sizes are hung in the street. “Guessing lantern riddles” is an essential part of the Festival. People will eat yuanxiao on this day, so it is also called the “Yuanxiao Festival”. Yuanxiao also has another name, tangyuan, which in Chinese has a similar pronunciation with “tuanyuan”. So people eat them to denote union, harmony and happiness for the family.

In the daytime, there are performances such as a dragon lantern dance, a land boat dance, walking on stilts and so on. On the night, except for magnificent lanterns, fireworks form a beautiful scene.

Step 3. Homework

Ask Ss to preview Reading and Vocabulary in the module.

Period 2 Vocabulary and Reading

Teaching Goals:

1. To let Ss master how to read a passage.

2. To let Ss master some words and phrases.

3. To get Ss to talk something about Being Man and the caves of Zhoukoudian.

4. To enable Ss to learn how to get useful information during reading.

Teaching procedures:

Step 1. Revision:

Ask Ss to complete the following sentences with proper words.

(1) Address any enquiry about the ________ to the conference organizer.

  (2) They ________ the river to supply water to the town.

(3) I think these interesting old customs should be _________.

(4) The man began ________ in the stock market at an early age.

(5) News reports say peace talks between the two countries have broken down with no  _______ reached.

Suggested Answers:

(1) venue (2) diverted (3) preserved (4) investing (5) agreement

Step 2. Pre-reading

Let Ss look at the picture to answer the question. Encourage Ss to say as much as possible.


How much do you know about Beijing Man and the caves of Zhoukoudian?


Step 3. While-reading

1. Ask Ss to read part 1 of the passage and find the information in Activity 1.

2. Ask Ss to read part 2 and find the information in Activity 2. 

3. Ask Ss to read the information in Activity 4 and check which part of the passage it appears in.

4. Ask Ss to read the passage again and explain what the word “they” refer to in the sentences in Activity 5.

 

Step 4. Post-reading

1. Discussion

Ask Ss to answer the questions in Activity 7 individually and then check with their partners.

2. Language Points

Ask Ss to discuss the important and difficult language points. Then give them some explanation.

(1) Eventually, archaeologists found almost 200 items, including six skulls and more than 150 teeth. (lines 2-3, Para2part1) 后来,考古学家逐渐发现了约两百件遗物,包括六十个头盖骨和150多颗牙齿。

eventually  adv 终于,最后

  Eg ① It was a long journey, but we eventually arrived.

② The road became narrower and rougher and eventually petered out.

【例题】

There was such a long queue for coffee at the interval that we _______ gave up. (2005上海)

A. eventually    B. unfortunately  C. generally      D. purposefully  (Key: A)

(2) These discoveries proved the existence of a human species who lived in the area between 700,000 and 200,000 years ago. (lines 3-5, Para2part1) 这些发现证明:在大约二十到七十万年前就有人类生活在该地区。

It has also been proved that people lived there continuously between 500,000 and 10,000 years ago. (lines8-10,para.1, part 2) 它还证明了一万到五十万年前,那里一直有人类生存。

◆ prove证明,证实;证明是,表明是 (后面可接名词、不定式、that从句等),如:

① He has proved his courage in the battle.

② Perhaps this book will prove to be of some use to you in your studies.

③ On the long journey he proved himself to be an amusing companion.

④ People have proven that one can do whatever on strives to do.

existence n. 存在,生存

Eg ① Do you believe in the existence of ghosts?

② According to some philosopher, everything in existence is reasonable.

③ The newspaper ceased to appear after an existence of three months.

【拓展】come into existence = come into being 存在,产生

Eg ① Nobody knows how this world came into existence.

② She worked in a new company which came into existence half a year ago.

 (3) Four sites where Beijing Man and his relations lived were discovered on the northern face of Dragon Bone Hill (Longgushan) (lines1-3, para.3, part1)

人们在龙骨山的北坡发现了北京人及其近亲居住过的四处遗址。

face n斜坡;山坡;(建筑物的)表面

Eg the north face of the Eiger 艾格尔山北坡  a cliff face悬崖峭壁

【拓展】

face  v面对,面向

Eg He faced the difficulty with courage. 他勇敢地面对困难

【例题】

(2005北京春)    ___   with a difficult situation, Arnold decided to ask his boss for advice.

A. To face      B. Having faced    C. Faced          D. Facing  C

(2006四川) ________ with so much trouble, we failed to complete the task on time.

A. Faced      B. Face           C. Facing        D. To face  A

(4) Even so, they were quite sophisticated. (lines4-5, para.4, part1)

尽管如此,北京人进化速度已经很高。

even so虽然如此

Eg There are many spelling mistakes; even so it’s quite a good essay. 

【例题】(2005江西) Your uncle seems to be a good driver: _____ I wouldn’t dare to travel in his car.

A. even so      B. even though     C. therefore  D. so    Key: A

(5) Some areas are almost completely covered in weeds, causing serious damage. (lines3-5, para 2. part2)部分山洞因受到雨水的侵蚀和空气接触,损失严重。

causing serious damage 是现在分词作结果状语。

Eg ① He dropped the plate, breaking it into pieces.

    ② The best players have gone off to the big clubs, leaving them the dross.

【例题】

① (2005山东) Oil prices have risen by 32% since the start of the year, _____a record US867.65 a barrel on April.                           (Key: B)

A. have reached  B. reaching        C. to reach    D. to be reaching   

② (NMET1998) European football is played in 80 countries, _______ it the most popular sport in the world.                          (Key: A) 

A. making        B. makes        C. made          D. to make 

 (6) This is a very serious matter and the Chinese Academy of Science is trying to raise public awareness about it. (lines1-3, para 5, part2) 形势相当严峻,中国科学院正在努力唤醒国民的(保护)意识。

raise/increase public awareness唤醒民众意识

(7) They are a precious part of our cultural heritage —it is of vital importance that we do something. (lines5-7, the last para Part2)

它们是我们文化遗产中极其宝贵的部分因此我们采取行动就显得尤其重要。

 “of + 名词,作用相当于形容词。常见的名词有use, importance, help, value等。

  Eg ① It’s of great importance (=very important) to teach the children about road safety.

② You will find this map of great value in helping you to get around the city.

3. Listening

(1) Ask Ss to listen to Part 1 and finish the following table.

Time

What Happened

In 1929

 

In 1937

 

In 1949

 

In 1987

 

SuggestedAnswers:

Time

What Happened

In 1929

Some prehistoric bones were discovered.

In 1937

Japan invaded China and the excavations were stopped.

In 1949

The People’s Republic of China was established and the work was started again.

In 1987

Zhoukoudian was listed as a world heritage site.

(2) Ask Ss to listen to Part 2 and filling the missing words.

    Beijing Man Heritage Site in danger

  The Zhoukoudian Beijing Man Site is one of the most important _ (1) in China. Since the discovery was made in the 1920s, Zhoukoudian has become an important place for archaeologists from all over the world. At the site in the south-west suburb of Beijing, there is, for example, the earliest _ (2) _ of the use of fire by humans. (3) _ that people lived there continuously between 5000,000 and 10, 000 years ago.

 Today, however, Zhoukoudian is in serious danger. Parts of the cave has been badly affected by rain and __ (4) _ to the air. Some areas are almost completely covered in weeds, __ (5) serious damage. Pollution from nearly cement factories _ (6) _ to the problem.

 The site is extremely expensive to _ (7) and it will cost between three and five million yuan to repair it. At the moment, visitors are not allowed to visit the caves.

 Zhoukoudian is on the World Cultural Heritage List, _ (8) _ by UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. The list is constantly checked. Any site which is seriously damaged or which is not properly protected is an (9) heritage, and UNESCO is very quick to do something about situations like this. They have _ (10) that the site be closed and repaired. If nothing is done to repair it, it could be removed from the list.

This is a very serious matter and the Chinese Academy of Science is trying to (11) about it. They have (12) that the general public be encouraged to help with the problem. A professor at the Academy has (13) hat a fund be established to raise money.

Dr Zhu Ming of the Academy said, “We have (14) that the government get involved, but we also need (15) from ordinary people. They can help by contributing to the cost of repairing the caves. They are a _ (16) part of our cultural heritage- it is (17) that we do something. (18), it will be a catastrophe.”

Suggested Answers:

(1) world heritage sites (2) evidence (3) It has been proved (4) exposure (5) causing

(6) has contributed (7) maintain (8) organized (9) endangered (10) recommended

(11) raise public awareness (12) suggested (13) proposed (14) requested (15) assistance

(16) precious (17) of vital importance (18) If not

Step 5. Homework

1. Ask Ss to finish Activity3 on page 73 and Activity 6 on page 74.

2. Ask Ss to preview Grammar (1).

Period 3 Grammar (1), Reading Practice

Teaching Goals:

1. To enable Ss to learn and use Subjective Mood in some clauses.

2. To enable Ss to get the general idea of the passage.

3. To enable Ss to talk about sites and items from their local or regional cultural heritage.

Teaching procedures:

Step 1. Revision

1. Check the answers to the homework.

2. Ask five Ss to come to the blackboard and dictate some sentences from Vocabulary and Reading. (If Ss are better at English, you can ask them to translate these sentences)

(1) They have recommended that the site be closed and repaired.

(2) They have suggested that the general public be encouraged to help with the problem.

(3) A professor at the Academy has proposed that a fund be established to raise money.

(4) They have requested that the government get involved.

Step 2. Grammar (1)

1. Ask Ss to watch the sentences in Activity 1 and find out their structure individually.

2. Ask Ss to do Activity 2 individually and then check answers to their partners.

3. Help Ss to sum up how to use Subjective Mood in some clauses.

(1) 虚拟语气用于宾语从句中

某些表示建议、命令或要求等的动词后面的宾语从句的谓语动词要求用虚拟语气。其形式为:主语+要求跟虚拟语气的动词+ (that) + (should)+ 动词原形。常用的动词有:

advise 建议,劝告;ask要求;command命令;demand要求,需求;desire渴望;decide决定;determine决定;intend打算;insist坚持;order命令;propose提议;prefer宁愿;request要求;require要求,请求;recommend建议,推荐;suggest建议;urge主张;want希望等。如:

He proposed that we (should) go for a walk. 他提议我们去散步。

The boss required that the workers (should) work all night.老板要求工人整夜工作。

The doctor strongly recommended that he take a holiday. 医生竭力劝他去休假。

I don’t want the children taken out in such weather. 我不希望在这种天气把孩子带出去。 

注意

insist表示坚持说,坚决认为suggest表示表明,暗示时,后面宾语从句的谓语动词不用虚拟语气。比较:

 We insist that you accept these gifts. 我们坚决要求你收下这些礼物。

    He insisted that he had done right. 他坚决认为\ 坚持说自己做对了。

    I suggested to him that we should tackle the problem another way. 我向他建议我们用另一种方式处理这个问题。

His cool response suggested that he didn’t like the idea. 他反应冷淡表明他并不喜欢这个主意。

wish后面的宾语从句中

wish后面的宾语从句中的谓语动词要求用虚拟语气,主要有三种形式:

表示对现在情况的虚拟:wish+主语+动词过去时

表示对现在情况的虚拟:wish+主语+ had+ 动词过去分词

表示对现在情况的虚拟:wish+主语+ would+ 动词原形

如:

I wish I knew the answer to the question. 我希望知道这个问题的答案。

How I wish I hadn’t said that to him last night! 我多么希望昨天晚上没对他说那些话!

I wish it would stop raining. 但愿雨能停住。

注意

在表示对过去情况的虚拟时,从句的谓语动词有时也可用would\ should\ could\ might +have +过去分词。如:

I wish I could have seen her at the party last night.要是昨天晚上在舞会上能够见到该多好。

③ would rather\ would prefer等后面的宾语从句中

would rather\ would prefer等后面的宾语从句中的谓语动词用虚拟语气:表示现在或将来的情况用过去时;表示过去的情况用had +过去分词。如:

I would rather it were winter now. 我但愿现在是冬天。

I would rather you came on Sunday. 希望你星期天来

I would like you had done the work before. 我希望你以前做过这项工作。

(2) 虚拟语气用在主语从句中:

句型: It is + 形容词\ 过去分词\ 名词+ that从句中谓语动词用 (should) +动词原形。

常用的形容词:advisable适当的,合理的;anxious焦虑的;appropriate适当的;better较好的;desirable理想的;essential紧要的;insistent坚持的;important重要的;necessary 必要的;natural 自然的;right正确的;strange 奇怪的;surprising惊奇的;regretful遗憾的;urgent紧迫的等。如:

It is necessary that we (should) clean the room every day. 有必要天天打扫房间。

It is natural that such a hardworking student (should) pass the exam. 这么用功的学生考试及格是很自然的事。

常用的过去分词:decided 决定;demanded要求;desired期望,要求得到;ordered命令;proposed提议;  requested要求;suggested建议;required 要求;recommended建议,推荐;wanted希望等。如:

It was suggested that she (should) take part in the club activities.有人建议他参加俱乐部活动。

It is decided that the meeting (should) be put off till tomorrow. 已经决定会议延期到明天。

It has been proposed that we change the topic.有人提议我们改变题目。

常用的名词:duty 职责;pity遗憾;shame羞耻,不象话;regret遗憾,后悔;no wonder不足为奇;no surprise不奇怪。如:

It is a pity that you (should) be so careless. 遗憾的是你如此粗心。

It is no wonder that he should have succeeded. 他成功了是不足为奇的。 

(3) 虚拟语气用在表语从句中:

① as if\ as though引导的表语从句:

as if 引导表语从句时,从句的谓语动词可用陈述也可用虚拟语气。其形式如下:

                    主语+ 动词的过去时(were\ was)  (表示与主句动作同时发生)

主句+ as if (though)+  主语+ could\ would + 动词原形  (表示动词可能在将来发生)

                    主语+ had+ 过去分词(表示从句的动作先于主句的动作发生)

如:

Tony looks as if \ though he never got a square meal. 托尼好像从没吃过饱饭一样。

It seemed as if the meeting would never end. 看起来会议没完没了。

He quickly ran home, looking as if there was something wrong with him. 他快步跑回家,看上去好像有什么事不对劲。

比较

It looked as if she were made of ice. 她看起来似乎是冰做的。

It looks as if it isn’t clean enough to bathe here.看起来海水好像不干净,不能游泳。

某些名词如advice, demand, decision, desire, idea, order, plan, proposal, requirement, request, suggestion等作主语时,后面表语从句的谓语动词用(should)+动词原形。如:

    His proposal is that we (should) get rid of the bad habits. 他建议我们摒弃这些不良习惯。

Our plan is that the work (should) be finished ahead of time. 我们的计划是提前完成工作。

My idea is that we (should) do exercises first. 我的主意是先做练习。

(4) 虚拟语气用在同位语从句中:

某些名词如advice, demand, decision, desire, idea, order, plan, proposal, requirement, request, suggestion等后面的同位语从句的谓语动词用(should)+动词原形。如:

He made the suggestion that we (should) go by train. 他建议我们坐火车去。

He gave orders that they should go home at once. 他命令他们立刻回家。

(5) 虚拟语气用于It is (high) time (that) 引起的从句:意为该是做某事的时间了。如:

  It is time that we went home. 我们该回家了。

4. Give an example and then ask Ss to rewrite the sentence in Activity 3 using the verbs given in the box.

Step3. Reading Practice

1. Pre-reading

(1) Leading-in

Ask Ss to speak out as many tangible cultural heritage and intangible cultural heritage as

possible. (Write them on the blackboard to be prepared for Activity 1.)

 (2) Speaking

Ask Ss to look at the list of China’s cultural heritage in Activity 1 on page 81 and then ask them to tell the tangible cultural heritage from the intangible cultural heritage.

2. While-reading

(1) Fast reading

Ask Ss to read the passage quickly to find the following questions:

Q1. How many examples does the passage refer to? What are they?

Q2. Which items will be included in a bid to be added to the UNESCO list?

Q3. Which are other examples of China’s intangible cultural heritage?

Suggested Answers:

A1. There are 7. TCM, Mid-Autumn Festival, Guqin Music, Kunqu Opera, Shaolin Kungfu, the epic of Tibetan King Gesser, Chen-style Tai Chi.

A2.Traditional Chinese Medicine and Mid- Autumn Festival.

A3. Shaolin Kungfu, the world’s longest epic poem of Tibetan King Gesser and Chen-style Tai Chi.

Ask Ss to get the general ideas of the passage and then finish Activity 3.

 (2) Intensive reading

Ask Ss to read the passage again and finish Activity 4.

Ask Ss to do Activity5 individually then compare the answers with a partner.

3. Language study

Ask Ss to discuss the important language points with the whole class to make sure them understand the passage better.

(1) Every two years the directory is enlarged by giving each country the chance to recommend one candidate. (Lines3-5, Para 3)

enlarge扩大,增大

Eg ① I want to enlarge the lawn.

② I planned to enlarge this photograph.

③ Can you enlarge on \upon what has already been said?

(2) While the bid is going through, the state government allocate funds for each item’s protection. (lines4-5, para 4)

go through此句中意为被通过。此外,还有经历、经受、履行、把……进行到底的意思。

Eg ① Certain formalities have to be gone through before one can emigrate.

  ② The dictionary has gone through ten editions.

③ He’s determined to go through with the marriage despite his parents’ opposition.

(3) If TCM is accepted on the UNESCO list, doctors and practitioners would advocate both its advantages and its legal status abroad. (lines3-6, para 5)

① advocate v 主张,提倡;

Eg (a) I advocate a policy of gradual reform.

 (b) Do you advocate banning cars in the city center?

n  提倡者,拥护者

This judge is a strong advocate of prison reform.

(4) Mid-Autumn celebrations reflect Chinese cultural traditions. (lines1-2, para 6)

reflect v反映,归咎

Eg ① The results reflect the greatest credit upon all concerned.

② Her sad looks reflected the thought passing through her mind.

③ The literature of a period reflects its values and tastes.

拓展

reflection n.反映,沉思,映像

① Your clothes are a reflection of your personality.

② On further reflection she saw her mistake.

③ The cat felt curious when she saw her own reflection in the mirror.

(2006上海春) ean’s strong love for his country is _______ in his recently published poems.                                                     (Key: B)

A. relieved      B. reflected      C. responded        D. recovered 

 (5) With more than 50 million Chinese living and working overseas, the Mid-Autumn Festival reminds them of their Chinese origins and would help to unite Chinese people all over the world (lines2-5, para 6)

remind v 提醒, 使想起

This story reminds me of my childhood.

Please remind me to write to my mother tomorrow.

Travelers are reminded that malaria tablets are advisable.

(2000上海春) What you said just now _______ me of that American professor.

(Key: C)

A. mentioned     B. informed  C. reminded    D. memorized

(2005江苏) In our childhood, we were often _______ by Grandma to pay attention to our table manners.  (Key: B)

A. determined    B. reminded    C. allowed      D. hoped   

(6) UNESCO’s agenda for the world’s tangible and intangible heritage is also to act as a warning system for sites which are at the mercy of redevelopment, pollution or even the effects of tourism, and cultural activities which are in danger. (lines1-6, para 8)

at the mercy of……支配,在……的掌控之中

Eg They were lost at the sea, at the mercy of the wind and weather.

拓展mercy常见短语:

show mercy on (upon) ……有怜悯心。show mercy to……表示同情

Eg The people’s enemies will be shown no mercy. 

② The king showed no mercy and killed all the prisoners.

③They showed mercy to their enemies.

(7) UNESCO undertakes to take sites off the World Heritage list if their present state is threatened by an absence of protection. (lines6-8, para 8)

undertake v.从事,保证

Eg ① We could undertake the work for the time being.

② He undertook to finish the job by Friday.

③ I’ll undertake for your security.

(8) In return, UNESCO recognizes the autonomy of provincial, federal and state cultural organizations, but offers support and guidance when requested. (lines6-8, prar 9)

in return (for) 作为回报;交换,报答

Eg ① He was always ready to help others, in return, he was liked by everyone.

② I sent him a present in return for his help.

4. Post-reading

Ask Ss to finish Activity 6 in small groups.

Step 4. Homework

Ask Ss to do Activity 1 and Activity 2 in the Workbook on page 121.

Period 4 Listening and Vocabulary

Teaching Goals:

1. To enable Ss to know some skills of listening.

2. To study some daily expressions.

3. To enable Ss to use Adverbial clauses of place, condition and concession

Teaching procedures:

Step 1. Revision

Check the answers to Activity1 and Activity2 in Workbook (P121).

Step 2. Pre-listening

 1. Show Ss some pictures and ask the following questions:

 

(1) Do you know the name of the cultural heritage? Where is it?

(2) Do you want to know more about it?

 

Suggested Answers:

(1) Stonehenge, In England(2) Open

2. Ask Ss to complete the passage in Activity 1 with the words given in the box on page 76.

Step 3.  While-listening

1. Ask Ss to go through the questions in Activity 3, and then listen to the tape and answer them.

2. Ask Ss to listen to the tourist guide and finish Activity 2 on page 76.

3. Ask Ss to listen again and fill in the missing words.

FX    Exterior

Guide: Welcome to Stonehenge, everyone.  (1)   we get off the bus, can I suggest that you all bring an umbrella  (2)   it rains?

Tourist1: I haven’t got an umbrella.

Guide: Oh well, (3)    (4)  , you’ll be OK.

Tourist1: I haven’t got a raincoat, either.

Guide: Why not?

Tourist1: Because it’s the middle of July!

Guide: Well,  (5)   it’s the middle of July, we recommend that you take warm and waterproof clothing with you. Anyway,   (6), you’re going to have a marvelous time  (7)     you’re here.  (8)   you get wet, I promise you’ll have   (9)  .

FX    Thunderstorm

Guide: Well, here we are this is Stonehenge. And, er, this is typical Stonehenge weather. But look around.  (10) you look, you can see part of our cultural heritage. Now, I can tell you lots of things about Stonehenge, so you can ask me whatever you like. So… any questions?

Tourist1: Yes.  (11)   was Stonehenge built?

Guide: Ahgood question. Well, we aren’t sure, but we think it was built about 4,000 years ago.

Tourist2: And who built it?

Guide: No one is completely sure.

Tourist1: I thought you said you knew everything about Stonehenge. You keep saying that you don’t know.

Guide: Yes, but that’s because no one knows. Well, (12)  . The whole thing is a mystery. There are some good theories, but that’s it.

Tourist2: Why was it built?

Guide: Well, it was definitely built for an important reason.

Tourist2: And what is it?

Guide: Pardon?

Tourist2: What’s the important reason?

Guide: Ah yes. Well, again, we don’t know. But there are several different theories. Maybe it was used by astronomers.

Tourist2: astronomers?

Guide: Yes.

Tourist: And what did they do?

Guide: Well, they looked at stars.

Tourist: You don’t need to build a stone circle to look at the stars.

Guide: Well, this is just one theory. Another theory was that it was some kind of religious place a temple. And a third theory is that it was a burial ground, somewhere   (13)   important people were buried when they died.

Tourist: And   (14)   did all these stones come from?

Guide: Good question- and I DO know the answer. It’s very interesting. The stones over there came from Wales.

Tourist: From where?

Guide: From Wales?

Tourist: Wales? But that’s miles away!

Guide: Yes. They brought them from 200 kilometers away.

Tourist: Why?

Guide: No one knows.

Tourist: What about those stones over there?

Guide: Ah, these stones are from a place that’s much closer. They came from just 50 kilometers away.

FX    Thunderclap

Guide: Well, I think   (15)  . I hope you’ve all had a good time.

Tourists: Yes. It’s been the most interesting! Thank you very much!

FX  Rainstorm to fade

Suggested Answers:

(1) Before (2) in case (3) not to worry (4) as long as you’ve got a raincoat (5) even though

(6) no matter what happens (7) while (8) Even if (9) a day to remember (10) Wherever

(11) When(12) no one knows for certain (13) where (14) where (15)we’d better get back

into the bus now

Step 4. Post-listening

Ask Ss to role-play following the instructions in Activity 4.

Step 5. Homework

1. Ask Ss to do Activity 3 in the Workbook on page 121.

2. Ask Ss to preview Speaking and Reading Practice.

Period 5 Grammar (2) and Function, Everyday English, Speaking

Teaching Goals:

1. To enable Ss to talk about the disappearing languages and encourage them to value human heritage.

2. To get Ss to know something about the Living Treasures Program.

3. To help Ss to know about the culture of another group of people.

Teaching Procedures:

Step 1. Revision

Check the answers to Activity 3 in the Workbook on page 121.

Step 2. Grammar (2) and Function

1. Ask Ss to look at sentences from the conversation of Listening and Vocabulary and finish Activity 1.

2. Ask Ss to discuss how to use Adverbial clauses of place, condition and concession.

在复合句中起状语作用的从句叫状语从句。按其意义可分为时间、地点、原因、条件、让步、比较、目的、结果、方式等类别。不同的状语从句是由不同的连接词引导的,因此,要掌握状语从句的用法,记住连接词尤为重要。本模块我们主要复习地点、条件、让步和时间状语从句。

(1) 地点状语从句。常由连词where (……地方)wherever(无论……在哪里)和anywhere (无论哪里,任何地方)everywhere (到处,任何地方)等引导。如

Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成。

Put it where we can all see it. 把它放在我们都看得见的地方。

(2) 条件状语从句。通常由连词if, unless (除非)in case (万一,如果)as\ so long as (只要)supposing\ supposed (假设)provided\ providing (that) (假如)on condition that (如果)given that(假设)等以及only if if only等引导。如:

I won’t go to the party unless I’m invited. 除非我被邀请,否则我不会去参加晚会的。

In case you need something, please don’t hesitate to let me know. 如果你需要什么东西,请不客气地对我说。

So long as I live, I must study. 只要还活着,我就要学习。

(3) 让步状语从句。引导让步状语从句的连词较多,常见的有

even if\ even though引导,意为即使。如:

He will come on time even though it rains. 即使下雨,他还是会准时来的。

Even though you do not like it, you must do it. 即使你不喜欢这工作,你也得做。

② how\ what\ who\ which…+ ever = no matter how\ what\ who\ which…引导,意为无论……”。如:

He can answer the question however hard it is. 不管问题有多难他都能回答。

No matter what \ Whatever you may do, do it well. 不论你做什么,好好地做。

Whichever side wins, I shall be satisfied. 不论哪一边胜,我都高兴。

though\ although\ while\ as引导,意为虽然,尽管。如:

Though they may not succeed, they will still try.即使他们可能不会成功,但他们仍努力尝试。

Although my uncle is old, he looks very strong and healthy. 我的叔叔虽然老了,但他看上去还是很健壮。

While I like the color of the hat, I do not like its shape. 我虽然喜欢这顶帽子的颜色,但却不喜欢它的样式。

Cold as it was, they went on working. 尽管天气很冷,他们仍不停地工作。

once引导,意为一旦。如:

Once printed, this book will be very popular! 一旦出版,这本书将会非常畅销!

Once you begin you must continue. 你一旦开始, 便不可停下来。

in case引导,意为万一,如果。如:

Take a hat with you in case the sun is very hot. 倘若太阳很利害,你就把帽子戴上。

⑥ whether… or… 引导的让步状语从句,意为不管;无论,如:

I shall go, whether you come with me or stay at home. 不论你来还是留在家中,我都要去。

Whether we help him or not, he will fail.不论我们帮助他与否, 他都将失败。

【特别提醒】

学习或复习状语从句应注意以下问题:

as\ though引导的让步状语从句要用倒装语序。如:

Young as he is, he works hard. 他虽年轻但努力工作。

Teacher as he is, he is nor capable of teaching all subjects. 虽然他是老师,但是不能教所有的科目。

Much as I like it, I don’t want to buy it.我很喜欢这东西,但并不想买它。

Try as he might, he couldn’t lift the box.他试过多次,但仍扛不起那盒子。

if, unless等引导的条件状语从句和某些让步状语从句中用一般现在时表将来。如:

If weather permit, we will go to the park tomorrow. 如果天气好的话,明天我们去公园。

Keep calm, whatever happens. 无论发生什么事都要保持冷静。

3. Ask Ss to go through the phrases in the box in Activity 2 and then finish it. 

Step 3. Everyday English

1. Ask Ss to choose the correct meaning of the expressions in Everyday English.

2. Ask Ss to make dialogues with these phrases with their partners and then invite some Ss to act.

Step 4. Speaking

1. Ask Ss to read the words for “hello” in Activity 1 and guess which languages they are.

2. Ask Ss to read the passage and answer the questions in Activity 2.

3. Ask Ss to work in pairs and talk about the questions in Activity 3 on page 80.

Step 5. Homework

Ask Ss to make a list of the world heritage sites that you know about in China and research the information.

Period 6 Cultural corner, Task, Module File

Teaching Goals:

1. To enable Ss to make a conclusion of this module and deepen what they have learned in the module.

2. To enable Ss to write an article about a world heritage site.

Teaching Procedures:

Step 1. Cultural corner

Ask Ss to read the passage carefully and then answer the following questions:

(1) When and where did the Living Treasure Program originate?

(2) When and why did the Living Treasure Program start?

(3) How does the Living Treasures Program work?

Suggested Answers:

(1) In Santa Fe, New Mexico in the USA in 1984.

(2) It started when a Santa Fe organization called the Network for the Common Good was established. It was to celebrate the lives of members of the older generation.

(3) Old members of the community are selected to be celebrated by the town. They are filmed, recorded and photographed, and these things are displayed as reference for everyone.

2. Language study

Ask Ss to discuss the language points with the whole class to help them to understand the passage better.

(1) Older people are easily forgotten or ignored in a country like the USA. (lines5-6, para.2)

ignore  v 不顾,不理,忽视

Eg ① I said hello to her, but she ignored me completely!

If you ignore your diet, trouble will follow.

(2) Twice a year, in spring and autumn, the program honors three older New Mexicans. (lines1-3, para 4)

The living treasures are honored for their achievement in many different areas of life. (lines1-3, para6)

◆ honor  v尊敬;致敬;授予荣誉;

Eg ① They remove their hats to honour the flag.

He was honoured with a title.

n.荣誉,头衔,信用

Eg He won honor for his courage.

I consider it a great honor to be invited to dinner.

拓展 in honour of 为向……表示敬意

Eg ① I’ll drink his health in honour of its being Christmas Day.

In honour of your moving out of the twenties, we are giving you a marvelous birthday party.

例题

(1999上海) Washington, a state in the Unite States, was named ________ one of the greatest American presidents.              (Key: A)

A. in honor of  B. instead of  C. in favour of  D. by means of     

4. Speaking

Ask Ss to talk about the following questions:

Q1. What do you think the program in New Mexico?

Q2. Have you heard of a similar program in China?

Step 2. Task

1. Ask Ss to discuss in groups the world heritage sites they found (This is the homework of the last period) and decide which one to write.

2. Ask Ss to give a presentation about a world heritage site.

3. Get each group to choose s student to read out his work to the class. Then ask Ss to evaluate their own work and select 3 best pieces.

4. Give Ss an example.

孔庙(Confucius Temple)是世界文化遗产之一,是祭祀孔子(offer sacrifices to Confucius)的地方,位于山东省曲阜市,占地327.5亩,建筑物466间,前后有九进院落, 庙的主殿叫大成殿(Dacheng hall);庙中存有大量具有高度艺术价值的古代艺术作品,是研究中国古代文化艺术的宝贵资料;如果幸运还会看到纪念孔子的活动。

One Possible Version

The Confucius Temple, a place for people to offer sacrifices to Confucius in, is one of the world’s cultural heritages. It lies in Qufu City, Shandong Province and covers an area of 327.5 mu. There are 466 buildings and 9 courtyards in it, of which Dacheng hall is the main one. In it are preserved many ancient works with high artistic value, and we can see some activities in honour of Confucius they contain information on ancient Chinese culture and art. Besides, if we are lucky, we can see some activities in honour of Confucius.

Step 3. Module File

Purpose: To get Ss to revise the module and make the self-evaluation.

Ask Ss to look at Module File on page 84 and try to recall what they have learnt in the module. Then tick the things they are sure that they know and put a question mark next to the points they are not sure of and a cross to what they don’t know. Help Ss to share their ideas and deal with the difficult or confusing points.

Ask Ss to read some articles or novels about sports game strengthen their reading skills and enlarge their vocabulary.

Step 4. Homework

1. Ask Ss to review Module 6.

2. Ask Ss to finish the exercises in Module 7.

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